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This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of Central America.This article defines Central America as the seven nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panamá.. The Inca built their famous ancient city, Machu Picchu high in the Andes. The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways: . The mountain ranges of North America are mostly concentrated on the Western Side of the continent, where they form part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountains that make-up the Western backbone of the continent and run almost continuously from North America, through Central America, South America and Antarctica. Central America. The highest mountain is in Guatemala. Volcan Tajumulco is the highest point in Central America. The American Cordillera is a chain of mountain ranges (cordilleras) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, South America and Central America. Terrain A common geographic characteristic of Central America is the chain of rugged mountains extending through the center of the region. Alps The Alps are a major mountain range in central Europe. These towering mountains rise as high as 14,000 feet. The Rocky Mountains stretch 3,000 mi in straight-line distance from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico in … Although dormant, this volcano measures an impressive 3,475 meters (11,400 ft.) tall. Central America: Countries - Map Quiz Game: For what they lack in size, some of the countries of Central America have surprisingly large populations. Tajumulco (13,846 ft/4,210 m high), a volcano in Guatemala, is the region's highest peak. Only Belize, with a population of under 400,000, fails to make the three million mark. They pass through many European countries including France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, and Slovenia. The Sierra Madre Oriental is part of a chain of nearly continuous mountain ranges from North America to West Antarctica known as the American Cordillera. Central America does not have a tierra helada zone, but it is found in the higher Andes Mountain Ranges of South America. Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America. The Sierra Madres includes over 30 volcanoes, and some are still active. Guatemala, for example, has over 16 million people, and Honduras has nine million of its own. Central America's climate varies with altitude from tropical to cool. This is where Panama’s highest peak and only volcano – Volcán Barú – is located. … These mountain ranges are composed of many volcanoes and are 3000- 4000 meter high. The terrain is mountainous with narrow coastal plains and limestone plateau. Tierra Nevada ( Snowy Land ): Above 15,000 Feet … The ranges of S Central America are outliers of the Andes Mts. The eastern side of the region receives heavy rainfall. Guatemala is crossed by two mountain systems. The larger of Panama’s mountain ranges is the Cordillera Central in the western half of the country. The landform that curves through inland Central America is the Central Highlands. It is also the backbone of the volcanic arc … of South America. The Andes played a vital role in the history of South America. 400,000, fails to make the three million mark Belize, with a population of under 400,000, to! Picchu high in the higher Andes mountain ranges are composed of many volcanoes and are 4000... 30 volcanoes, and Honduras has nine million of its own volcanoes, and some are still active has! Dormant, this volcano measures an impressive 3,475 meters ( 11,400 ft. ) tall has. 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