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What is a tribe? The second most influential ethnic group among all tribes in Nigeria. I’ve just listed the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria; Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo. This is a comprehensive list of ethnic groups in Nigeria and their various states. Language in Nigeria. Well…. This ethnic group numbers approximately 4.5 million which is equivalent to 3.5% of the population of Nigeria. Yoruba ethnic group has own tonal language. Nigeria is a very rich cultural center. Found in the North and Northwestern region of Nigeria, The Hausa cultureis similar throughout the country. largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo (pronounced ee-bo). Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic Nigeria as a nation, has 527 languages and more than 1150 tongues and ethnic gatherings. Quick fact: Most politicians in Nigeria are Hausas and one of the states in this region has the highest number of local government areas in Nigeria. This is largely due to intermarriage and Fulani living among the Hausa population. Also, Africa’s richest man, and the richest man in Nigeria – Aliko Dangote is from this ethnic group. Though many people believe that the present homeland of the Ibibio people is not their original homeland, but it is Cameroon. Most of the people engage in fishing, probably because they live near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers. Nigeria is extremely diverse, with hundreds of ethnic groups and even more languages governed through a federal system of 36 separate states, each with their own ethnic and religious composition. The Ibibio, mostly found in southeastern Nigeria, have a rich oral history passed down through generations. Pulani (Pulbe) -Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa , Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi , Niger, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, etc. The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria's multiple ethnic groups. Country of Nigeria. According to an expert Anthropologist and consultant Dr. Whitney Azoy, an ethnic group is simply “the largest traditional cultural unit” to which a person belongs to. The Igbo people of Nigeria make up approximately 18% of the population. The culture in Nigeria is multi-ethnic. Gwari (Gbari) -Kaduna, Niger, Abuja, Plateau, Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa) -Bauchi, Plateau, Ngweshe (Ndhang.Ngoshe-Ndhang) -Adamawa, Borno. Along with the Hausa, Fulani people have also been a dominant presence in the sphere of Nigerian politics since independence in 1960. In 1967, Igbo fought with the Nigerian government to achieve independence. In your list of Ethic group, you didn’t include Ebira. Igbo language has an estimated population of 18 million speakers. Contact us: [email protected]. Goodluck Jonathon, the Prime Minister of Nigeria from 2010 to 2015 identifies as an Ijaw, and his election to the highest office in Nigeria was a proud moment for Ijaw people. If you’re a lady from another tribe and want to marry a Yoruba guy, you must learn how to kneel down and greet your in-law to be, properly or else … let’s leave that…..That’s Yoruba culture for you, don’t try to get it twisted. They are simple, brief, and popular… Read More » Cultures and Traditions. The diversity of the people who make up the country is what makes Nigeria rich in culture. Yoruba which dominates the western part of the country as you can see in the Nigerian map and Yorubas are the second largest ethnic group in Nigeria. Mismanagement of these oil revenues has kept a substantial amount of the wealth from returning to the Ijaw community. Many people believe that the Fulani’s descended from a nomadic group that once lived in the Upper Nile region. Various ethnic groups in Nigeria have their own culture. Simply put, the significance of a tribe is that it is a set of people primarily having blood ties, living together in one specific area under one accepted leader to guide them. List of Ethnic Groups In Nigeria and Their States, highest number of local government areas in Nigeria, The untold story of the Nigeria 1967 civil war with Biafra, Top 10 Poorest countries in the whole world, Incredible Father’s Day Message & Quotes, 1xGames: Innovative Games With Prizes and Cashbacks, How to Make Money With iGaming Affiliate Programs, Carzout, “Amazing Marketplace For The Best Mercedes Benz E3 C50 Price In Nigeria. Since the Fulani War (1804-1808), the Fulani people have been intertwined with the Hausa of Nigeria. The Hausa culture is homogenized, meaning, throughout Nigeria, the Hausa culture is extremely similar. Also Read: The untold story of the Nigeria 1967 civil war with Biafra. Largest Ethnic Groups In Nigeria Hausa. Other smaller groups include the Fulani, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Edo. Ethnic Groups: over 250 ethnic groups including Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%. A Tribe is a collection of families or generations that share common ideologies, interests, religion, linguistic and cultural practices. Though this has contributed to the country’s rich cultural life, it has also at times been the source of tensions between different groups over power and control of local resources. I just love them for that. Since this war, Igbo have been reintegrated into Nigerian society; a lot Igbo still feel marginalized by the status quo in Nigeria. So, which are the 10 largest ethnic groups in Nigeria? Hausa as a language is spoken by an estimation of 22 million people and made up approximately 25% of Nigeria’s population. Some put it at 250 tribes, some at 374, others even put it at 470 tribes. Fifty Igbo Proverbs and their Meanings in English Language. The next two were rejected because their culture and values are slightly different from yours. The Hausa are one of the largest ethnic groups in all of Africa and are scattered across West Africa, with most making up the majority of the population in Nigeria, as well as Niger. Teslim Opemipo Omipidan. Fulani is mostly found in the North Eastern part of Nigeria e.g Taraba, Adamawa and they can also be found in another country apart from Nigeria. some people believe that the 3 major ethnic groups in Nigeria are our major problems. There are 527 languages in Nigeria, seven of them are extinct. Nigerian Tribes Facts: Igbos, Yorubas & Hausas Cultural & Historical Facts. The … Being the largest ethnic group in Nigeria, Hausa have always been some of the main players in Nigerian politics since Nigeria was granted independence from Britain in 1960. Igbo is the third largest ethnic group in Nigeria. 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