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Shifting a teacher’s practice usually won’t happen without productively challenging their thinking, assumptions, and interpretations of their current classroom reality. What do they care about? Designing for blended instruction is different than designing for a stand-alone course. Partnership with the school principal In order that instructional coaching can best support a change initiative in the school, a combined top-down and bottom-up approach is generally used. If you’re a coach, learn about coaching, and do it. Learn about how teachers can effectively support other teachers in professional development, sharing best practices, and improving instruction. It’s there. Ongoing instruction for a significant duration of time. Trust that by giving her time to talk and be heard -- and perhaps a thought-provoking question -- she will get what she needs from the conversation. Just as great teaching requires more than content knowledge, instructional coaching for equity requires more than pedagogical expertise. You will need a holistic mindset to ensure it all fits together in an effective way. In order to facilitate someone else’s learning, they need to trust you. Welcome to the wonderful world of coaching. Annie herself wasn't sure what she needed to do to improve. These are just a few of the tips offered to instructional coaches new to the field. Convening focus groups to discuss the needs of the school community, prioritizing the needs, identifying goals around those needs, strategizing ways to achieve those goals, and developing a timeline and an action plan can help construct a shared vision and shared responsibilities for prompting school transformation. Many leaders puzzle about how to help struggling teachers. 16. Find the joy in coaching. There’s a lot of change that needs to happen in our schools, and it’s going to take time. 3. Continual professional development gives teachers time to learn and implement new strategies. It is this insight that helps create more equitable outcomes for struggling students. Best Practices in Teaching and Learning: Instructional Coaching Model Valley Stream UFSD Thirteen Judith A. LaRocca, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum and Instruction John Frias, Math Instructional Coach Laurie Salvatore, ELA Instructional Coach January 23, 2018 After you master the vast and complex skill set of coaching, coaching can feel easy; let the person you support do the work. 12. Your job isn’t to know everything. Understand what others expect of you. Clarify your definition of coaching. What’s your definition of it? Very often, we are not consciously aware of our mental models or the effects they have on our behavior.” – Peter Senge, The Fifth Discipline. 11. There is lots of confusion about the term formative assessment. Know that you will learn a tremendous amount as an instructional coach about things you don’t yet know that you don’t know. In an effort to identify effective design strategies for this approach, I researched and synthesized the following ten best practices… What is working? Observations. Have conversations about students. What other possibilities are you open to considering? Instructional coaching alone doesn’t necessarily support teachers to be more successful with their most struggling students. The role of the coach is to improve student achievement by building teachers capacity and understanding of instructional practices. 18. But, as with teaching, how we can best help teachers varies based on individual needs. You need to know about adult learning. In the first months, build relationships and cultivate trust. Use student work, anecdotes, observations, and videos of students to ground the conversation in the needs of our young people. Instructional Practice Guide: Coaching. Whatever the goal, there’s a science to designing instructional materials that achieve their goals. Was she not putting forth enough effort? EVALUATION OF YOUR COACH is Move Five in the Master Moves. Instructional coaching holds much potential for improving the way teachers teach and the way students learn, but that potential will only be realized if leaders plan their coaching program with care. Instructional Coaching Strategies | Deep Dive 5. Using formative assessment practices meets all those criteria. Teachers are hard-working professionals … There are a variety of different instructional approaches and strategies that can be used effectively at all levels and subject areas, with a wide range of learning styles. How are they thinking about their work? 4. Get on the same page with others on a definition of coaching. 10. Defining clear classroom … What more might you learn? How do you know? What are your thoughts and ideas on this blog post? We need to meet each student’s needs through a variety of instructional practices. Have compassion with yourself. Be curious. 2. When you wonder if you should return to the classroom -- when you miss the joy in teaching kids, when you stumble as a new coach -- set your sights on spotting the joy in coaching. 4. Some may not see this as a strategy, but it truly is! Ten years ago I took a full-time job as an instructional coach after having dabbled part time in coaching for several years. Despite this point, coaching practices with the strongest evidence for improving teacher practice and learner outcomes include the following: This is so critical to good work. What are their beliefs and assumptions about their role as teacher? Instructional Coaching Models in the K-12 Context August 2014 Listening is the foundational skill set of a coach. Consistent structures, systems, and internal capacity support instructional coaching. You may not be around to sit in the tree’s shade, but you can get it started. 2. Learn to ask nonjudgmental questions that create expansion in someone else’s thinking and imagination. Teachers are not resistant in conversations that matter. Ensure that the conversation means something. It is best practice to ask clients to reflect on the process throughout the engagement, but this final moment to pause and reflect on the quality of the coaching as a whole is helpful and supportive to both client and coach. According to the report, studies have concluded that teachers may need as many as 50 hours of instruction, practice, and coaching before a new teaching strategy is mastered and implemented in class. 19. Providing students with all materials needed to complete an assignment. 7. The Pennsylvania Institute for Instructional Coaching defines an instructional coach as “someone whose chief professional responsibility is to bring evidence-based practices into classrooms by working with teachers and other school leaders.” Coaches are usually experienced teachers who have moved away from full-time teaching to work directly with other teachers and help them improve their practice. 5. How can we help teachers implement formative assessment practices (from assessing how the student is experiencing the teacher or class to assessing the student’s thinking about a particular task) to make better instructional decisions? What are their dreams, hopes, and aspirations? What is different, however, is that in virtual coaching the best practices are at greater risk of compromise and short cuts. The coach, in conjunction with the administration, is A description of instructional coaching and its relationship to consultation. Start by reflecting on your own experience and needs. Support by Sharing Strategies, Resources and Research. You don't have to know everything about teaching or a specific content or curriculum. The directive coach has special knowledge, and his or her job is to transfer that knowledge to the teacher. In an instructional coaching scenario, the directive coach works from the assumption that the teachers they are coaching do not know how to use best practices. Coaches are facilitators, helping to slow down the coachee’s thoughts and provide time for reflection. report that an approach of reflection and guided introspection is a best practice. These are conversations that matter. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 19(2), 150-175. In our secondary analysis of the 2008-2009 RFA data mentioned above, we found that 77 Please share in the comments section below. Have compassion for those you are supporting. Be patient. You need time to think, plan, reflect, and learn about coaching. Educator-Centered Instructional Coaching: What the Research Says 3 Instructional Coaching and Changes in Instructional Practice In a number of our studies, we found that the act of being coached changes teacher’s instructional practice. Staying Current on Best Practices: Possessing a strong knowledge base of the current best practices and trends in education, allows coaching supports to remain student focused. From compassion comes the conversations we need to transform our schools. 8. As an instructional coach, you have the opportunity to support teachers and help them raise student achievement. Ten Best Practices. Don’t take on too many projects, responsibilities, or tasks. Coaching is not a quick fix, but it can be a real fix — a powerful way to help teachers and students be more successful. Create a safe space for risk taking and learning. You will also need to know how to put that knowledge into practice. With all of your students or just some? Mangin, Melinda (2015). Why? Imagine each coaching conversation as a baby tree you plant. Did she lack commitment? By taking the time to observe, assess, and validate their experience and expertise, we show that we are authentically invested in their success. 15. Thoroughly review the Instructional Practice Evidence Guide. “Coaching is becoming popular, in part, because many educational leaders recognize the old form of professional development, built around traditional in-service sessions for teachers, simply doesn’t affect student achievement” (Knight 2006). 6. You don’t have to be an expert. While speaking at the 2017 Learning Forward Conference in Orlando, Fla., Knight walked educators through an instructional coaching session that he facilitated with a classroom teacher. TECHNOLOGY SUPPORT – Create interactive flipcharts or programs that enhance student engagement DEMONSTRATION LESSON – Demonstrate a lesson in your classroom or an alternate classroom while you observe. You can’t coach without trust. Courtesy of Student Achievement Partners (2014, July 9). Our responsibility is to encourage meaningful conversations that uncover and challenge biases around race, class, culture, gender, language, and sexual orientation to ensure equitable outcomes. SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF POSITION: The Instructional Performance Coach is a critical lever in improving student achievement. Be compassionate. What is this teacher excited about? Don’t get too busy. Instead of focusing on best practices, begin with supporting teachers to learn about and from their students. Talk for less than a third of the time in a coaching session. 14. If you are working through this with colleagues, use the guide as a resource to clarify any questions that arise. To support a teacher to learn and grow, we need to really know and understand them. Practice #1: Use of Formative Assessment. (It's not possible to fix anyone but ourselves anyway.). Learn to ask nonjudgmental questions about assumptions, biases, interpretation, and opinion. How to Use the 5Es in Remote Math Instruction A five-stage instructional model—engage, explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate—can guide students to a deeper understanding of math. You can make every conversation count. Make sure the teacher you are supporting is doing the talking. People show up for conversations that matter. Many teachers do need support in implementing instructional “best practices.” But best practices are just one part of their toolkit, and pushing popular teaching strategies doesn’t result in achieving equity in the classroom. Why do you think this particular student/these students are not responding? How do your goals support your school’s goals? Many teachers are assigned an instructional coach and view it as a punitive measure. You need to know what it looks like in a coaching conversation to work from a place of knowledge of adult learning. Edutopia® and Lucas Education Research™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of the George Lucas Educational Foundation in the U.S. and other countries. Implement structure and routines for productive learning experiences The most critical practice for raising student achievement is instructional decision-making – accurately determining the next skill that the student must master in order to progress and how to teach it in a way that helps the student learn it. Dessert. By comparison, instructional coaching does both it respects the professionalism of teachers but is also is designed to ensure that they are able to learn the best practices. Annie is a real teacher with whom we have worked. View either the elementary or middle school video below. Learn different ways to listen, practice listening, and when in doubt, just listen. Here’s what I wish I’d know then, and what I offer you as you enter this field.Â, 1. Does a not-quite-effective teacher need someone looking over her sho… Building trusting relationships with the teachers we coach also helps us to productively challenge our teachers to examine their own biases and mental models. What are their core values? As educators, we encounter students with various learning styles and needs. The real challenge in virtual coaching is to prevent out of sight from becoming truly out of mind. 17. Strive to be an expert in this area. How do you do this? How do teachers and administrators define coaching? 1. 1720 Broadway, 4th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612510.208.0160 Registered 501(c)(3) | EIN: 94-3222960. How are you feeling about it, and how is that shaping your decisions? “Mental models are deeply held internal images of how the world works, images that limit us to familiar ways of thinking and acting. Our job is not to drive their thinking or direct it, or to make them do something.Â. Printed from the Iowa Department of Education website on November 25, 2020 at 5:25pm.Iowa Department of Education website on November 25, 2020 at 5:25pm. REFLECTION – Through conversation and observation, reflect on student learning in your classroom COLLABORATION – Help you connect with other teachers in your own building … Resist the temptation to do more as a way of compensating for not knowing what you’re doing as a coach. Find colleagues with whom you can practice coaching skills and practice and practice. Instructional coaching is most effective when it occurs in cycles. So the best practices of face-to-face coaching are really little different than those of virtual coaching. The hope is, with time and practice, students will be able to select the right strategies on their own and use them effectively to complete tasks. Ms. Hopper's work is an example of instructional coaching, in practice at Ephesus as it is in many other classrooms across the country. Observing is a way to gain an … Remember that mastery may take 10,000 hours of practice, and practice with feedback. Many people think of it as another test given to students—in the same way an interim or summative test is given—and that it is separate from classroom instruction. 10.1080/10474410802463296. Like many novice teachers, she struggled to put into everyday classroom practice what she had learned through her teacher preparation. Every coach collectively and individually commits to growing in their understanding of best practice around coaching, instruction and equity. 9. “How the Framing of Instructional Coaching as a Lever for Systemic or Individual Reform Influences the Enactment of Coaching”. Have compassion for students. The job of a coach is to support by listening and shining a light on their best thinking. Be curious. Her virtual coach wondered why teaching was so difficult for her. Your job is to facilitate an adult’s learning process. What are your goals as a coach? What do they care about deeply? Let those who you support do the work. However, instructional coaches should still use best practices when integrating video into a coaching session. What do teachers expect of you? With years of experience in designing and managing educational programs for many types of organizations, instructional designers at The Lindenberger Group share some tips and best practices in instructional design. As their coach, we have to take the time to build a trusting relationship where we know the real answers to these questions. Engaging a teacher in this reflection does more than set the stage for a positive coaching relationship – it demonstrates a new kind of relationship that is possible between teacher and student – which can translate into powerful new relationships in the teacher’s classroom. Let the teachers do most of the talking, learn to listen, and stay curious. Without addressing these beliefs and values, the teacher will always default to teaching practices that align with that belief.

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